Sonderausstellung am Freitag 31. Mai geschlossen

Am Freitag, 31. Mai bleibt die Sonderausstellung „Caldera – Spurensuche im Supervulkan“ geschlossen. Wir bitten um Verständnis!

Zoologie
2023

Effect of management strategies and substrate composition on functional and taxonomic macroinvertebrate communities in lowland ditches of Alto Adige/Südtirol.

Francesca Vallefuoco, Magdalena Vanek, Alberto Scotti, Roberta Bottarin
Abstract

Ditches could represent a tool for biodiversity enhancement and preservation in agricultural environments, also in Alpine regions. Macroinvertebrates and environmental factors describing water quality, substrate composition, hydrology, and geomorphology were collected in 10 ditches located in the Adige Valley, within the Biodiversity Monitoring program of South Tyrol. This study investigates the effects of ditch maintenance strategies operated in situ by the consortia (i. e., within an area of none, low and medium intensity) on taxonomic and functional macroinvertebrate diversity. We observed significant differences between management strategies in terms of both biological assemblages and environmental parameters. According to our results, these lowland ditches were mainly characterised by low substrate heterogeneity and dominated by fine organic sediments, with filamentous algae occurring only in managed sites. High concentrations of water nutrients, temperature and conductivity were associated with high intensities and frequencies of ditch maintenance. A significantly higher Shannon evenness index was found in low intensity management sites than in those with no or more intensive management. Furthermore, a decrease in %EPT and functional divergence was observed with increasing management intensity. Therefore, a sustainable management plan for ditch functioning is crucial to secure and improve both agricultural purposes and its biodiversity conservation potential in Alto Adige/ Südtirol.

Keywords
macrozoobenthos, biodiversity, lowland artificial water bodies, ditches maintenance, agricultural environment

Immer auf dem neuesten Stand

Einmal im Monat versenden wir einen Newsletter mit den aktuellen Veranstaltungen und besonderen Neuigkeiten.
Beim Senden Ihrer Nachricht ist ein Fehler aufgetreten. Bitte versuchen Sie es später noch einmal.
Vielen Dank für Ihre Nachricht. Sie wurde erfolgreich gesendet.